Let’s hash out around of the Actuarial Terminologies specific to General Insurance:
: Premium received from straight concern written
: Gross Direct Premium + Premium received on reinsurance accepted
: Gross Written Premium- Premium paid on reinsurance ceded.(by ceded nosotros tin tell passed)
These 3 are really uncomplicated as well as related to each other. Now lets movement farther towards claims.
Claims paid on straight concern written + Claims paid on reinsurance accepted.
: Gross Claims Paid – Claim amount received from reinsurance ceded(i.e. passed)
These 2 are likewise really simple. Lets movement farther to Commissions.
: Commission paid on straight written concern + Commission paid on reinsurance accepted.
: Gross Commission – Commission received amongst observe to reinsurance ceded.
“So what happens basically is that when every bit an insurer, i select a reinsurance hence reinsurer volition pay me committee because i am bringing a concern for him (such every bit inward instance of quota portion reinsurance). So that’s why reinsurer volition pay me committee as well as i deduct that from the internet commissions to come upwards at a trial that how much i am paying a commission” SEEMS EASY!!
Net Premium +/- Adjustment for changes inward reserve for unexpired risk(i.e. URR, nosotros volition come upwards to that what it is)
OR Premiums received from straight concern written + Premium received from reinsurance accepted – Premium paid on reinsurance ceded +/- alter inward URR = NEP
Net Claims paid + Claims outstanding at the destination of the yr – Claims outstanding at the foremost of the year
OR Claims paid on gross concern written + claims paid on reinsurance accepted concern – claims amount received from reinsurance ceded + alter inward Claims O/S.
When i was talking well-nigh Commissions paid on Direct Business, it way commissions paid to brokers, agents, corporate agencies as well as spider web aggregators.
It tin survive bifurcated into gross or Net. Companies ordinarily specifically mentions inward their financials whether its gross or net
Net Written Premium / Gross Written Premium
ASM / RSM, where SM way Solvency Margin. A= Actual as well as R = Required. In Republic of Republic of India insurance manufacture solvency should survive minimum 150% or 1.5
Net Earned Premium – Net incurred claims +/- Net commissions – Operating expenses.
Okay hence nosotros split upwards into Two parts basically ALAE as well as ULAE.
: Allocated Loss Adjustment Expense: Which tin survive allocated to a specific claims for representative fees paid to loss adjusters, legal counsels
: Unallocated LAE. Which cannot survive allocated to a specific claims. Example: Salaries, rent as well as estimator expenses of claims department.
For that lets empathize how earned premium comes?
I conduct maintain to laid upwards my financials on 31st March 2019. Now I sold ane policy for 1 yr on 1 February 2019 for Rs.1200. So at 31st March 2019 i conduct maintain earned 200rs premium (1200*2/12). I conduct maintain done that calculation on the supposition that exposure remains constant throughout the policy period, even hence it volition non survive instance inward around policies.
So what well-nigh the residuum rs.1000 (1200-200). That volition survive my Unearned Premium.
A reserve for Unexpired risks shall survive created every bit the amount representing that business office of the premium written which i attributable to as well as to survive allocated to the succeding accounting periods.
But lets tell nosotros produce our analysis as well as it comes to know that Remaining unearned premium is non sufficient for Expected Claims costs (inclusive of expenses). Then it way premium is non plenty hence i conduct maintain to brand the reserve for the same. Thats where Premium Deficiency comes.
Premium Deficiency shall survive recognized if the total of expected claim costs, related expenses as well as maintenance costs exceeds related reserve for Unearned Premium reserve. As per IRDAI, nosotros recognized where deficiency is at entity level.
So what is
URR = UPR + PDR.